Lincoln Gettysburg Address
November 19, 1863
The classic speech demonstrating mastery of thought and
Famous quote "Four score and seven years ago"
came from The Gettysburg Address speech
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is regarded as one of the
most powerful and poignant speeches in American history.
is often remembered for a short speech he gave at Gettysburg
on November 1, 1863. It's called the Gettysburg Address.
It was only a few minutes long, but is considered one of
the great speeches in American history.
the most famous battle of the Cival War took place at Gettysburg,
PA July 1 to July 3, 1863. At the end of the battle, the
Union's Army of the Pootmac had successfully reprelled the
second invasion of the North by the Confederacy's Army of
Speaking of a "new birth or freedon," he delivered
one of the most memorable speeches in U.S. history. Several
months later, President Lincoln went to Gettysburg to speak
at the dedication of the cemetery for the Union war dead.
From July 1 to July 3, 1863, the invading forces of General
Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army clashed with the
Army of the Potomac (under its newly appointed leader, General
George G. Meade) at Gettysburg, some 35 miles southwest
of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Casualties were high on both
sides: Out of roughly 170,000 Union and Confederate soldiers,
there were 23,000 Union casualties (more than one-quarter
of the army’s effective forces) and 28,000 Confederates
killed, wounded or missing (more than a third of Lee’s
army). After three days of battle, Lee retreated towards
Virginia on the night of July 4. It was a crushing defeat
for the Confederacy, and a month later the great general
would offer Confederate President Jefferson Davis his resignation;
Davis refused to accept it.
As after previous battles, thousands of Union soldiers killed
at Gettysburg were quickly buried, many in poorly marked
graves. In the months that followed, however, local attorney
David Wills spearheaded efforts to create a national cemetery
at Gettysburg. Wills and the Gettysburg Cemetery Commission
originally set October 23 as the date for the cemetery’s
dedication, but delayed it to mid-November after their choice
for speaker, Edward Everett, said he needed more time to
prepare. Everett, the former president of Harvard College,
former U.S. senator and former secretary of state, was at
the time one of the country’s leading orators. On
November 2, just weeks before the event, Wills extended
an invitation to President Lincoln, asking him “formally
[to] set apart these grounds to their sacred use by a few
score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth upon
this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and
dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that
nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can
long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that
war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field,
as a final resting place for those who here gave their
lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting
and proper that we should do this.
in a larger sense, we can not dedicate - we can not consecrate
- we can not hallow - this ground. The brave men, living
and dead, who struggled here have consecrated it, far
above our poor power to add or detract. The world will
little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it
can never forget what they did here. It is for us the
living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished
work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly
advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to
the great task remaining before us - that from these honored
dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which
they gave the last full measure of devotion - that we
here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died
in vain - that this nation, under God, shall have a new
birth of freedom - and that government of the people,
by the people, and for the people, shall not perish from
Works of Abraham Lincoln, edited by Roy P.
Related to the Gettysburg Address
Gabor. The Gettysburg Gospel: The Lincoln Speech That
Nobody Knows. Simon & Schuster, 2006.
Kent. November: Lincoln's Elegy at Gettysburg. Indiana
University Press, 2001.
Bradley R. and Boritt, Gabor S. The Lincoln Trail in
Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001.
Martin P. Writing the Gettysburg Address. University
Press of Kansas, 2013.
Philip B., Jr. A New Birth of Freedom - Lincoln at Gettysburg.
Boston: Little, Brown, 1983.
Garry. Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade
America. Touchstone Books, 1993.